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J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Apr;41(2):84-89. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.5125/jkaoms.2015.41.2.84
Lee JT , Park SY , Yi YJ , Kim YK , Lee HJ .
Department of Periodontology, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. periolee@gmail.com
Department of Prosthodontics, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
Abstract

We report the eventually successful treatment of a huge bone defect and peri-implantitis following reconstruction of a previously failed intra-mobile cylinder implant system (IMZ) implant site using distraction osteogenesis (DO). In the anterior mandible, two IMZ implants failed and surgical debridement was performed in accordance to the patient's needs. Thereafter, mobility and suppuration were decreased and the patient visited the dental clinic on a regular basis for oral health maintenance. However, the inflammation did not resolve, and the bone destruction around the implants progressed for 4 years. Finally, the implants failed and a severe bone defect remained after implant removal. To reconstruct the bone defects, we attempted bone graft procedures. Titanium mesh was unsuccessfully used to obtain bone volume regeneration. However, DO subsequently was used to obtain sufficient bone volume for implant placement. The new implants were then installed, followed by prosthetic procedures. In conclusion, progression of peri-implantitis could not be arrested despite surgical intervention and repeated maintenance care for 3 years. Reconstruction of the peri-implantitis site was complicated due to its horizontal and vertical bone defects. Lesions caused by implant failure require an aggressive regenerative strategy, such as DO. DO was successful in reconstruction of a peri-implantitis site that was complicated due to horizontal and vertical bone defects.

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