Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014 Dec;40(6):291-296. English. Original Article.
Kwon TK , Song JM , Kim IR , Park BS , Kim CH , Cheong IK , Shin SH .
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
Department of Oral Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
Department of Dentistry, Dong-A University Hospital, Busan, Korea.

OBJECTIVES: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a side effect of bisphophonate therapy that has been reported in recent years. Osteoclastic inactivity by bisphosphonate is the known cause of BRONJ. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) plays an important role in the development of bone. Recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) is potentially useful as an activation factor for bone repair. We hypothesized that rhBMP-2 would enhance the osteoclast-osteoblast interaction related to bone remodeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB 1.19) were treated with 100 microM alendronate, and 100 ng/mL rhBMP-2 was added. Cells were incubated for a further 48 hours, and cell viability was measured using an MTT assay. Expression of the three cytokines from osteoblasts, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Cell viability was decreased to 82.75%+/-1.00% by alendronate and then increased to 110.43%+/-1.35% after treatment with rhBMP-2 (P<0.05, respectively). OPG, RANKL, and M-CSF expression were all decreased by alendronate treatment. RANKL and M-CSF expression were increased, but OPG was not significantly affected by rhBMP-2. CONCLUSION: rhBMP2 does not affect OPG gene expression in hFOB, but it may increase RANKL and M-CSF gene expression.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.