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J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000 Dec;26(6):620-627. Korean. Original Article.
Kim BK , Shin SH , Kim JR .
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Medicine, Dong-a University.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University.
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical and histologic changes in distraction osteogenesis according to different distraction rates in the rat's tibia. Eighteen adult rats underwent open osteotomy and attachment of an external unilateral distraction device in the middle of left tibia. Latency was allowed for 7 days before distracton began. The distraction device was activated with varying distraction rates of 0.5mm, 1mm, 2mm and same rhythm of twice a day until 5mm length gain was achieved. The animals were sacrificed at post-distraction 4, 8 weeks to observe the bony healing states. At each group, clinical, radiographic and histologic studies were done. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. The 0.5mm group showed excellent osteogenesis than other groups. The new bone was formed by intramembranous bone formation mostly and endochondral bone formation partly. 2. The 1mm group showed delayed osteogenesis and incomplete bony healing at 8 weeks. 3. The 2mm group showed weak osteogenesis and fibrous union or nonunion at 8 weeks. From these results, it could be stated that distraction rate of 0.5mm per day was most useful in rat's tibia. The rate of 1mm showed delayed bony healing and needed more consolidation period. Distraction osteogenesis is a excellent clinical method for regenerating local bone deficiencies in limbs and craniofacial area. The more studies needed for the higher animals and human about distraction rates and other biomechanical factors on the basis of this study.

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