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J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1998 Nov;24(4):440-447. Korean. Original Article.
Park YC , An BG , Park YJ , Lee YC , Cho BW .
Department OMFS, College of Medicine, Hallym University.

The purpose of present study was to observe the radiographic finding and histologic response by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy(CLSM) on interface of the bone and titanium implant coated by chitosan. The tissue of rabbit tibiae to the surgical placement titanium implant coated by chitosan was examined at 3, 9 and 24 days postoperatively. The radiographic finding showed that surrounding bone density of implants was not significantly different compare with the bone on 3 and 9 days group. A large amount new bone was formed on 24 days group, the reason was osteconduction activity by chitosan. The CLSM analysis show that the surface coating by chitosan filled the gap between bone and implant on 3 days group and filled by mew born on 9 days group. On 24 days group, the bone and titanium surface was filled by lamella bone. This results indicated that this enhanced the initial stability of implant significantly and chitosan induced osseointegration around implant. CLSM allows the non-destrutive histo-tomography of bone biopsy as well as clinical practice. We conclude that CLSM allowed a good comprehension of the nature of bone-implant contact, avoiding artifacts due to the thickness of the specimen.

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