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J Korean Soc Echocardiogr. 1996 Dec;4(2):197-201. Korean. Case Report.
Chun KJ , Hong TJ , Shin YW .
Depertment of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.

An unusual form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy localized to the left ventricular apex is called apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. In the classic form is characterized by giant T wave inversion in electrocardiogram and an angiographic silhouette showing enddiastolic deformation of the left ventricular cavity resembling a "spade". Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy appears functionally similar to other forms of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The diagnosis of apical hypertrophic cardiomypathy is made chiefly from the 12 lead electrocardiogram, two-dimensional echocardiography, left ventriculogram and magnetic resonance imaging. The prognosis appears relatively favorable course. We report a case of regressed apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which was diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography and 12 lead electrocardiogram, with related literatures.

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