Korean Circ J. 2019 Jan;49(1):1-21. English. Review. https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2018.0373
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Division of Cardiology, Hallym University Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. firstname.lastname@example.org
The prevalence of heart failure (HF) is on the rise due to the aging of society. Furthermore, the continuous progress and widespread adoption of screening and diagnostic strategies have led to an increase in the detection rate of HF, effectively increasing the number of patients requiring monitoring and treatment. Because HF is associated with substantial rates of mortality and morbidity, as well as high socioeconomic burden, there is an increasing need for developing specific guidelines for HF management. The Korean guidelines for the diagnosis and management of chronic HF were introduced in March 2016. However, chronic and acute heart failure (AHF) represent distinct disease entities. Here, we introduce the Korean guidelines for the management of AHF with reduced or preserved ejection fraction. Part I of this guideline covers the definition, epidemiology, and diagnosis of AHF.