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Korean Circ J. 2017 Sep;47(5):786-793. English. Original Article.
Jeong HI , Song J , Choi EY , Kim SH , Huh J , Kang IS , Yang JH , Jun TG .
Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, Sejong General Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effectiveness of balloon dilatation of homograft conduits in the pulmonary position in delaying surgical replacement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent balloon dilatation of their homograft in the pulmonary position from 2001 to 2015. The pressure gradient and ratio of right ventricular pressure were measured before and after the procedure. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the parameters associated with the interval to next surgical or catheter intervention. RESULTS: Twenty-eight balloon dilations were performed in 26 patients. The median ages of patients with homograft insertion and balloon dilatation were 20.3 months and 4.5 years, respectively. The origins of the homografts were the aorta (53.6%), pulmonary artery (32.1%), and femoral vein (14.3%). The median interval after conduit implantation was 26.7 months. The mean ratio of balloon to graft size was 0.87. The pressure gradient through the homograft and the ratio of right ventricle to aorta pressure were significantly improved after balloon dilatation (p<0.001). There were no adverse events during the procedure with the exception of one case of balloon rupture. The median interval to next intervention was 12.9 months. The median interval of freedom from re-intervention was 16.6 months. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that the interval of freedom from re-intervention differed only according to origin of the homograft (p=0.032), with the pulmonary artery having the longest interval of freedom from re-intervention (p=0.043). CONCLUSION: Balloon dilatation of homografts in the pulmonary position can be safely performed, and homografts of the pulmonary artery are associated with a longer interval to re-intervention.

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