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Korean Circ J. 2017 Sep;47(5):714-726. English. Original Article.
Youn YJ , Yoo BS , Son JW , Lee JW , Ahn MS , Ahn SG , Kim JY , Lee SH , Yoon J , Eom YW , Oh JE , Choi SK .
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering Center, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
Animal Core, Central Research Laboratory, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Experimental protocols for remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) utilize models in which a tourniquet is placed around the hindlimb or effluent is collected from an isolated heart. In analyzing the humoral factors that act as signal transducers in these models, sampled blood can be influenced by systemic responses, while the effluent from an isolated heart might differ from that of the hindlimb. Thus, we designed a new isolated hindlimb model for RIC and tested whether the effluent from this model could affect ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury and if the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) and survivor activating factor enhancement (SAFE) pathways are involved in RIC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After positioning needles into the right iliac artery and vein of rats, Krebs-Henseleit buffer was perfused using a Langendorff apparatus, and effluent was collected. The RIC protocol consisted of 3 cycles of IR for 5 minutes. In the RIC effluent group, collected effluent was perfused in an isolated heart for 10 minutes before initiating IR injury. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the infarct area in the RIC effluent group was significantly smaller (31.2%±3.8% vs. 20.6%±1.8%, p<0.050), while phosphorylation of signal transducer and activation of transcription-3 (STAT-3) was significantly increased. However, there was a trend of increased phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 in this group. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to investigate the effect of effluent from a new isolated hindlimb model after RIC on IR injury in an isolated heart model. The RIC effluent was effective in reducing the IR injury, and the cardioprotective effect was associated with activation of the SAFE pathway.

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