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Korean Circ J. 2016 Jul;46(4):490-498. English. Multicenter Study.
Kim MC , Cho JY , Jeong HC , Lee KH , Park KH , Sim DS , Yoon NS , Youn HJ , Kim KH , Hong YJ , Park HW , Kim JH , Jeong MH , Cho JG , Park JC , Seung KB , Chang K , Ahn Y .
Department of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.
Department of Cardiology, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is limited information on the transient or persistent no reflow phenomenon in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study analyzed 4329 patients with AMI from a Korean multicenter registry who underwent PCI using coronary stents (2668 ST-elevation and 1661 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [MI] patients): 4071 patients without any no reflow, 213 with transient no reflow (no reflow with final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction [TIMI] flow grade 3), and 45 with persistent no reflow (no reflow with final TIMI flow gradeā‰¤2). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality during 3-year follow-up. We also analyzed the incidence of cardiac mortality, non-fatal MI, re-hospitalization due to heart failure, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis. RESULTS: The persistent no reflow group was associated with higher all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08-3.65, p=0.028) and cardiac mortality (HR 3.28, 95% CI 1.54-6.95, p=0.002) compared with the normal reflow group. Transient no reflow increased all-cause mortality only when compared with normal reflow group (HR 1.58, 95% CI 1.11-2.24, p=0.010). When comparing transient and persistent no reflow, persistent no reflow was associated with increased all-cause mortality (46.7 vs. 24.4%, log rank p=0.033). CONCLUSION: The persistent no reflow phenomenon was associated with a poor in-hospital outcome and increased long-term mortality mainly driven by increased cardiac mortality compared to the transient no reflow phenomenon or normal reflow.

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