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Korean Circ J. 2009 Aug;39(8):310-316. English. Original Article.
Park SR , Kang YR , Seo MK , Kang MK , Cho JH , An YJ , Kwak CH , Hwang SJ , Jung YH , Hwang JY .
Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang Institute of Health, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The failure of ST-segment resolution (STR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. However, the clinical predictors on admission for incomplete STR are poorly known. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing pPCI (n=101, 79 males and 22 females, mean age 60.0 years) were divided into complete STR group (> or =70%, n=58) and incomplete STR group (<70%, n=43). The groups were compared according to clinical factors including history, electrocardiographic (ECG) patterns, angiographic features and laboratory data. RESULTS: The incomplete STR group contained more frequent hypertensive patients (p=0.04) and patients displaying longer tendency in total chest pain duration (p=0.08). This group was associated with worse clinical factors such as low ejection fraction (p=0.06), higher Killip class (p=0.08) and more death (p=0.042). Grade 3 ischemia pattern of ECG and precordial ST elevation (i,e anterior myocardial infarction) at admission were more frequent in the incomplete STR group (p=0.001 and 0.002, respectively). Initial troponin I, creatinin kinase -MB and brain natriuretic peptide levels were higher in the incomplete STR group (p=0.001, 0.002, and 0.043, respectively). Coronary angiography showed that culprit lesions were more frequent in left anterior descending artery than other arteries in the incomplete STR group of patients (p=0.002). Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grades 2 or less before PCI was more frequent in the incomplete STR group (p=0.029). However, TIMI flow grade after PCI was not appreciably different between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that TIMI flow grade 2 or less was most powerful predictor for incomplete STR {odds ratio (OR)=12.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23-119.35, p=0.032}. Other independent predictors were anterior infarction (OR=3.39, CI 1.46-10.57, p=0.007), ischemia grade 3 ECG at admission (OR=3.87, CI 1.31-11.41, p=0.014), and hypertensive patients (OR=3.03, CI 1.13-8.15, p=0.027). CONCLUSION: Incomplete STR after pPCI is associated with poor prognostic clinical factors. TIMI flow grade 2 or less before pPCI, ST elevation on precordial leads, ischemia grade 3 pattern of initial ECG, and hypertensive patients are independent predictors for incomplete STR in the early stage.

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