Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
Korean Circ J. 2006 Sep;36(9):617-625. English. Original Article.
Cho KI , Park JH , Park JR , Kim S , Ahn JM , Lee JH , Jang HJ , Kim TI .
Division of Cardiology, Maryknoll General Hospital, Busan, Korea.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We wanted to perform quantitative echocardiographic assessment of myocardial function in the patients with myocardial bridge by measuring 2-dimensional strain with using newly developed software. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Novel computer software was used for tracking heart tissue on echocardiography, and we conducted an advanced wall-motion analysis for 18 symptomatic patients (mean age: 57.1+/-9.7 years, 10 female) with myocardial bridging of the left anterior descending coronary artery and also 20 age-matched healthy controls. The conventional wall-motion scoring was normal in all the patients, and the software was able to adequately track their heart tissue. RESULTS: The maximal angiographic systolic lumen diameter reduction within the myocardial bridges was 71+/-12.6% at rest, with a persistent diameter reduction of 31.2+/-11.3%. The radial strain and displacement of the anterior segments were more significantly reduced than that of the posterior segments at the level of the papillary muscle (30.9+/-13.8% vs. 51.8+/-17.3% and 4.8+/-0.9 vs. 5.9+/-1.5, respectively, all p<0.05), and this showed a plateau (39% and 33%, respectively) or biphasic (50% and 56%, respectively) pattern. The time from the R wave on electrocardiography to the transition from regional systole to early diastolic lengthening (Tr) was significantly delayed in the patients with myocardial bridge more than that for the controls (497+/-20.4 ms vs. 348+/-12.5 ms, respectively, p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Delayed systolic contraction and diastolic relaxation are important mechanisms that contribute to ischemia in the patients with myocardial bridge. 2-dimensional strain can be used to achieve real-time wall-motion analysis, and it has the potential to improve the identification and functional quantification of myocardial Bridge.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.