PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of an endoluminally-placed bifurcated stent-graft (Vanguard) for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Transluminal endovascular stent-graft placements were attempted in 29 patients (28 male, mean age 69+/-7 years) with AAAs involving the common iliac arteries from Aug. 1997 to Jan. 1999. Endovascular therapy was performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory with epidural anesthesia. One side of the femoral artery was opened by surgical cutdown for the bifurcated stent-graft entry and the other side was punctured percutaneously for the straight stent-graft. Computed tomography and/or intraarterial angiography were performed during an average follow-up of 10 months (2-18 months). RESULTS: Primary success rate was 75.9% (22 of 29 patients) and the overall success rate was 79.3% with successful correction of one perigraft leak. Twenty patients (69.0%) had significant coronary artery disease. There were two technical failure cases, the one was tortuous iliac vessel with spasm, the other was disconnection of the stent-graft connecting portion. Complications related to procedure occurred in 13.8% of patients (4 of 29 patients) and two of these four patients had procedure-related mortality because of acute renal failure following contrast overdose and sepsis after operation. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA with bifurcated stent-graft (Vanguard<0A397>) is effective, feasible and relatively safe. However, further investigation for the outcome, complication and long-term follow-up are needed.