BACKGROUND: Coronary artery stent has been introduced recently to overcome major problems of percutaneous trausluminal coronary angioplasty(PTCA). To evaluate the success rate, complications and predictive factors associated with restenosis in coronary artery stenting, clinical analysis after coronary srtery stent was performed. METHODS: Sixteen patients who underwent coronary artery stent in Chonnam University Hospital beteen Apr. 1992 and Dec. 1993 were observed. The authors analyzed the stent dilivery success, rate complications and restenosis after follow-up coronary angiogram. RESULTS: 1) The palmaz-Schatz stents were implanted in 16 patients(12 male, 4 female, mean age : 53.3 years) and clinical diagnosis of patients were 7 myocardial infarction, 8 unstable angina and one stable angina. Stents were implanted in 10 cases of left anterior descending arteries and 6 cases of right coronary arteries. Three stents were implanted in a patient with long spiral dissection after middle right coronary artery PTCA, single stent was implanted in the other patients. 2) Stent delivery was successful in all cases, but acute stent thrombosis developed just after bail-out procedure for PTCA-induced intimal dissection in myocardial infarction patient who had multivessel lesion and intracoronary thrombus. Subacute stent thrombosis and major bleeding requiring transfusion were not documented. 3) On follow-up coronary angiogram in 10 patients, no restenosis observed in 5 right coronary arterial stents, but restenosis developed in 3 of 5 left anterior descending artery stents. Restenosis was observed in none of 4.0mm stents, two of six 3.5mm stents and one of two 3.0mm stents. 4) Stent restenosis was observed in 3 cases of positive201TI dipyridamole scan which was performed one month after coronary artery stenting. CONCLUSION: Coronary artery stent is a safe and effective in elective procedure. The restenosis rate after intracoronary stent is lower in right coronary artery than left anterior descending artery and larger stent.