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Korean Circ J. 1987 Jun;17(2):335-347. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.1987.17.2.335
Rhi JL , Noh CI , Choi JY , Yun YS , Hong CY , Kim CH .
Abstract

Clinical study was performed on 42 patients diagnosed as TARVR at the Departmet of pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital, from January, 1966 to June, 1982. The results are as follows, 1) Of the 25 cases with isolated TAPVR, age distribution was from 10 days to 10 years. Seventeen cases were male and eight cases were female. Of the 24 cases with complicated TAPVR, age distribution was from 2 days to 22 years. Eighteen cases were male and six cases were female. 2) The type of TAPVR was supracardiac in 29 cases (59.1%), cardiac in 10 cases (24.4%), infradiaphragmatic in 3 cases (6.1%) and mixed in 5 cases (10.2%). 3) Birth weights of patients were within normal limits except 1 case. 4) The most freuent complaints at diagnosis were tachypnea and cyanosis. 5) PDA was the most frequently associated intracariac anomaly (54.1%) which was followed by pulmonary stenosis (16.6%), single atrium (16.6%) and single ventricle (16.6%). 6) Of the 25 cases with isolated TAPVR, chest roentgenographic findings were cardiomegaly in 22 cases (88%) and increased pulmonary vascularity in 23 cases (92%). 7) Of the 25 cases with isolated TAPVR, the ECG showed right axis deviation in 22 cases (88%), right atrial enlargement in 13 cases(52%), right ventricular hypertrophy in 24 cases (96%) and combined ventricular hypertrophy in 1 cases (4%). 8) Of the 23 cases with isolated TAPVR, echocardiographic finding showed increased dimension of the right ventricle in all cases. Of the 39 cases with TAPVR, the common venous chamber was visualized posterior to the left atrium in 14 cases(35.8%). 9) Cardiac catheterization was performed in 24 cases with isolated TAPVR. Pulmonary hypertension was observed in 19 cases (79.1%). 10) Fourteen patients with isolated TAPVR were operated. Three patients died.

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