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J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003 Apr;46(4):397-399. Korean. Case Report.
Lim JY , Seo JH , Choi MB , Park CH , Woo HO , Youn HS .
Department Of Pediatrics, Gyeong Sang National University, College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

All complete monosomy 21 appear to be lethal early in their development in humans and only survive in mosaic forms. Complete monosomy 21 is a very rare and usually debilitating genetic disorder. Partial monosomy 21 is also rare and is thought to constitute a clinical syndrome consisting of peculiar faces, hypertonia, psychomotor retardation, and slow growth. We experienced a case of monosomy 21 mosaicism. Chromosome analysis demonstrated mosaicism for cell lines in the lymphocytes examined; 45, XX, -21/46, XX. The main clinical features were craniofacial dysmorphism including high arched palate, submucosal cleft, micrognathia and arthrogryposis-like symptoms including flexion deformity of fingers. And hematological findings were revealed dyserythropoiesis, thrombocytopenia and eosinophilia. Currently, the patient has nearly compatible growth, but a mild degree of mental retardation. We report here an 8 years old female child with apparent monosomy 21 mosaicism associated with dyserythropoiesis, thrombocytopenia and eosinophilia, with a review of the associated literatures.

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