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J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2000 Jun;43(6):820-827. Korean. Original Article.
Park KY , Kim YH , Min JY , Ko JK , Park IS , Hong CY , Yun TJ , Seo DM .
Abstract

Critical valvular aortic stenosis(AS) is a life threatening congenital heart anomaly in neonates or infants. The main cause of death is rapidly progressing left ventricular failure. The treatment goal of critical AS is to save left ventricular function early. Before the 1980s, the preferred treatment was surgical valvotomy, however, that operative method had a high mortality rate and risk of re- procedure. These surgical problems encouraged balloon aortic valvuloplasty technique for initial life saving. There were some vascular approaches for balloon aortic valvuloplasty(e.g. femoral artery and vein, umbilical artery and vein, carotid artery). Each approach has some advantages and disadvantages. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty through the right carotid artery makes access to the aortic valve easy, has less vascular complication, and short procedure time and effect of saving femoral artery for reballooning. We had three cases of transcarotid balloon aortic valvuloplasty in infants with critical AS. In our long-term follow up, we had good results, except carotid artery thrombosis in one case. We report the first three Korean cases of balloon aortic valvuloplasty though carotid artery cutdown procedure for critical AS with a brief review of literatures. (J Korean Pediatr Soc 2000;43:820-827)

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