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J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1997 Sep;40(9):1303-1308. Korean. Case Report.
Song KH , Song JY , Sung IK , Lee KS .
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Catholic University, Seoul, Korea.

Pena-Shokeir syndrome is a rare, often lethal disease, characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies, limb ankylosis, polyhydramnios and pulmonary hypoplasia. This autosomal recessive disease should be differentiated from trisomy 18, which the second most common multiple congenital malformation syndrome. It is therefore clear that the two syndromes have certain features in common, the most consistent being craniofacial and limb abnormalities and intrathoracic pathology. Therefore, final diagnosis should be based on chromosome study. The case that we experienced had typical Pena-Shokeir phenotype, but chromosomal study show 47, XY, +18.

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