A 12-year-old girl with hypertension, hypokalemia, cystic ovaries and absence of secondary sexual development is presented. Hormonal study revealed very low levels of cortisol, testosterone, estrogen, and high levels of progesterone, deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone, FSH and ACTH. Following treatment with dexamethasone and estrogen, the levels of the latter group remarkably decreased. Serum potassium level and blood pressure also became normal. With all the above hormonal profile and clinical findings, we reached the diagnosis of 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency and report this case with the review of literature.