A study was made in the congenital anomalies in 137 babies born to 120 mothers with hydramnios, delivered at Ilsin Christian Hospital between Jan. 1st 1981 and Dec. 31th 1990. The results were as follows; 1) The incidence of hydramnios was 1.6/1000 deliveries, 120 cases in total 73, 129 deliveries. 137 infants was born and of these 71 (51.8%) had congenital anomalies. 2) Hydramnios was assiciated with a high incidence of prematurity and low birth weight infant. 3) The incience of multiple anomalies was 54.9% (39 out of 71 infants). The most common system involved with the congenital anomalies was the musculoskeletal system, 28.9% (39 cases out of 135) and the most frequent anomaly was anencephaly, 15 cases. 4) The perinatal mortality rate was 759/1000 total (104 cases) and of these 45 cases, 43.3% were associated with congenital anomalies. 53 of the live birth had congenital anomalies and of these 27 cases (50.9%) died in the neonatal period.