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J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993 Aug;36(8):1146-1155. Korean. Original Article.
Bae GY , Oh ET , Jung WS , Kim KS .
Abstract

The retrospective study was taken to study the serum transaminase level and it's correlation with several symptoms in human rotavirus gastroenteritis. 494 children, who admitted to the Department of Pediatrics in Dae Dong Hospital from January 1991 to December 1991 with chief complaints of waterdy diarrhea were included in studies. The 1st stool specimen on admission was tested for rotavirus Ag by ELLSA method. and than serum transaminase were checked. The results are as follows: 1) The peak incidence being between 6 months to 2 years in both group, but higher incidence was noted in Non-HRV group. Males are more common than females by ratio of about 2:1. 2) The major symptoms in order of frequency was diarrhea>dehydration>vomiting>coughing>fever in HRV group, diarrhea>dehydration=vomiting>fever>coughing in Non-HRV group. The incidence of dehydration and coughing in HRV group were higher than in Non-HRV group. 3) AST & ALT elevation above the normal value were 83.2% (213/256), 52.0% (133/256) in HRV group and 45.3% (116/238), 22.3% (57/238) in Non-HRV group. AST & ALT were significantly increased in HRV group than Non-HRV group (AST: p<0.05, ALT: p<0.05). 4) Mean concentration of AST & ALT were 46. 82, 38.06 in HRV group and 29.06, 21.23 in Non-HRV group. Mcan concentration of AST & ALT were significantly increased in HRV group than Non-HRV group (AST: p <0.05, ALT: p<0.05). 5) Mild dehydration is relatively more common in both group. The frequency were 56.6% (145/256) in HRV group, 47.5% (113/238) in Non-HRV group. The degree of dehydration was not correlated with serum transaminase level at each group(HRV group: p>0.05, Non-HRV group: p>0.05). 6) Duration of diarrhea for 4-5 days & 1-3 days were relatively more common in HRV group than Non-HRV group. The frequency were 36.3% (93/256) in HRV group and 34.9% (83/268) in Non-HRV group. The degree of diarrhea were not correlated with serum transaminase level at each group (HRV group: p>0.05, Non-HRV group: p>0.05). 7) No fever or duration of fever for 1-2 days were relatively more common in both group. The frequency were 39.9% (102/256), 37.5% (96/256) in HRV group and 38.2% (91/238), 42.5% (101/238) in Non-HRV group. The degree of fever was not correlated with serum transaminase level in HRV group, but correlated with Non-HRV group (HRV group: p>0.05, Non-HRV group: p<0.05).

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