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J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1981 Jan;24(1):85-87. Korean. Case Report.
Kim JT , Suh KH , Kang SC , Ahn CI .
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea.

Congenital lobar emphysema is characterized by overdistension and air trapping in the affected lobe, concomitant compression of remaining long tissue, displacement of the mediastinum by herniation of the emphysematons lobe across the anterior mediastinum into the opposite chest. The occurrence of this condition early in life, its sudden appearance in the absence of infection and foreign body in the bronchus and its failure to respond to conservative treatment, indicated that it is congenital in origin. We have experienced a case of congenital lobar emphysema in 45days old male infant who complained severe respiratory distress with cyanosis and fever. A review of literature was made briefly.

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