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Anat Cell Biol. 2013 Jun;46(2):163-166. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.5115/acb.2013.46.2.163
Ebenezer DA , Rathinam BA .
Department of Anatomy, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, India. davidebenezer@yahoo.com
Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India.
Abstract

Anatomical variations of the nerves, muscles, and vessels in the upper limb have been described in many anatomical studies; however, the occurrence of 6 variations in an ipsilateral limb is very rare. These variations occur in the following structures: the pectoralis minimus muscle, the communication between the external jugular vein and cephalic vein, axillary arch, the Struthers ligament, the medial, lateral, and posterior cords of the brachial plexus, and the common arterial trunk from the third part of the axillary artery. The relationship of these variations to each other and their probable clinical presentation is discussed.

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