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Ann Rehabil Med. 2019 Feb;43(1):1-10. English. Randomized Controlled Trial. https://doi.org/10.5535/arm.2019.43.1.1
Chung SH , Kim JH , Yong SY , Lee YH , Park JM , Kim SH , Lee HC .
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. vcdnhic@hanmail.net
Abstract

Objective

To elucidate the effect of task-specific lower extremity training (TSLET) on cognitive and gait function in stroke patients.

Methods

Thirty-eight patients were assigned to either the TSLET group or the control group. The individuals of TSLET group went through a TSLET plus conventional physical therapy. The control group received two sessions of conventional physical therapy. The primary outcome involved the assessment with visual and auditory digit span test. The secondary outcome was evaluated by the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) and Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) for cognitive function, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Time Up and Go Test (TUG), 10 meters Walking Test (10mWT), 6 minutes Walking Test (6MWT), and Korean version of Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI) for gait, balance, and functional ability.

Results

After intervention (3 weeks) and 2 weeks of follow-up, the TSLET group showed statistically significant improvement in the visual digit span test backwards compared with the control group. In secondary outcome, a significant improvement was observed in GDS, BBS, TUG, and 10mWT in the TSLET group. There was no significant difference between the two groups concerning visual digit span test forward, auditory forward and backward digit span tests, K-MMSE, 6MWT, and K-MBI.

Conclusion

TSLET could be a useful alternative strategy for improving cognitive and gait function in stroke patients.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.