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Ann Rehabil Med. 2018 Aug;42(4):542-550. English. Multicenter Study. https://doi.org/10.5535/arm.2018.42.4.542
Kim YK , Lee KY , Lee SH .
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Myongji Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea. shf3226@naver.com
Abstract

Objective

To assess the efficacy of a 4-week swallowing rehabilitation program combined with pyriform sinus ballooning in patients with post-stroke dysphagia (PSD).

Methods

We evaluated a total of 30 patients (n=30) with PSD who were admitted to our medical institution between May of 2014 and October of 2016. These patients were randomly assigned to either the trial group (n=15; a 20-minute conventional rehabilitation followed by a 10-minute pyriform sinus ballooning) or the control group (n=15; a 30-minute conventional rehabilitation). In these patients, the efficacy outcome measures were pharyngeal remnant, the pharyngeal transit time, the Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS) scores and the Videofluoroscopic Dysphagia Scale (VDS) scores. We compared the differences in efficacy outcome measures at 4 weeks from baseline between the two groups.

Results

There were significant changes in the pharyngeal remnant, the pharyngeal transit time, the PAS scores and the VDS scores at 4 weeks from baseline between the two groups (p < 0.0001, p=0.0001, p < 0.0001, and p=0.0048, respectively). There were no treatment-emergent adverse events in our series.

Conclusion

Our 4-week rehabilitation program combined with pyriform sinus ballooning is an effective and safe modality in patients with PSD. However, further large-scale, long-term, and multi-center studies are needed to corroborate our results.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.