Shigellosis is usually restricted to the intestine, and Shigella bacteremia is extremely rare. Shigella bacteremia occurs usually in malnourished neonates. Only a small number of adult cases of Shigella bacteremia have been reported. Most patients were immunosuppressed or had underlying diseases. There have not been any reports of Shigella bacteremia in Korea since 1985. We reviewed the 8 cases reported in Korea and we report a case of Shigella sonnei bacteremia in an adult with diabetes mellitus and hypertension.