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Korean J Nephrol. 2006 Jul;25(4):645-649. Korean. Case Report.
Sun DS , Shin SH , Lee SY , Son TS , Kim YS , Yoon SA , Son HS , Kim YO .
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Acute renal failure is the most common complication of rhabdomyolysis. However, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) induced-rhabdomyolysis rarely causes acute renal failure (ARF) because HHS induces osmotic diuresis and prevents tubular necrosis. Here we report a case of acute renal failure caused by HHS-induced rhabdomyolysis in a patient with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. A 59-year-old male was admitted with comatose mentality. He had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus 6 months ago but had not been treated. Physical examination showed severe dehydration of oral mucosa. His laboratory findings demonstrated severe HHS, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure (plasam glucose 1,543 mg/dL, osmolarity 329 mOsm/L, creatine phophokinase 15,395 IU/L, lactate dehydrogenase 1,046 IU/L, creatinine 2.4 mg/dL). With adequate hydration and insulin therapy, HHS improved but rhabdomyolysis and ARF were more aggravated. With early hemodialysis treatment, he finally improved without sequale.

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