BACKGROUND: Cyclosporine dosing is traditionally based on trough levels(C0 level) rather than area under the concentration-time curve(AUC), although AUC correlates better with post transplantation acute rejection and acute toxicity. It is reported that C2 levels(2-hour postdose blood levels) are single sampling point that best reflects AUC0-4. But there has been no recommended C2 levels for patients after 12 months post kidney transplantation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between C0 levels and C2 levels and define recommended target C2 levels in patients after 12 months post kidney transplantation.
METHODS: Seventy three patients after 12 months post transplantation were studied. 83 data were obtained from 73 renal transplant patients. Blood C0 levels, blood C2 levels, body weight and serum creatinine level were measured. Blood cyclsporine levels were measured by monoclonal fluorescence polarization immunoassay(mFPIA)(TDX, Abbot). The data of C0 levels were divided into three groups : low group (