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Korean J Nephrol. 2001 Jul;20(4):707-713. Korean. Case Report.
Choi SH , Chang SP , Won JC , Lee JS , Yang WS , Chi HS , Park SK .
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Clinical Pathology, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.

We report an unexplained anemia that persisted for 4 months in a renal transplant patient who was receiving immunosuppression therapy that included prednisolone, tacrolimus, and azathioprine. A bone marrow biopsy demonstrated pure erythroid hypoplasia and occasional giant pronormoblasts with intranuclear inclusions, characteristic of a parvovirus B19 infection. Both the serum and bone marrow cells were positive for a parvovirus B19 DNA polymerase chain reaction. The anemia resolved 6 weeks after the administration of IV immunoglobuln. But, 4 months later, refractory anemia developed and persisted despite treatment with IV immunoglobulin. However, the patient showed rapid improvement after tacrolimus was switched to cyclosporin A. A parvovirus B19 infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of renal transplant recipients who present with an anemia associated with low reticulocytes; and clinicians should be awared that tacrolimus may impair the clearance of a parvovirus B19 infection.

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