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Korean J Nephrol. 1998 Jan;17(1):46-52. Korean. Original Article.
Shin YT , Oh SM , Na KR , Kim JH , Hwang PJ , Kim JS , Bin KT , Kim SS , Lee KW , Suh KS .
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.

We evaluated retrospectively the clinical characteristics of 26 adult nephrotic syndrome patients with minimal-change disease who were followed up for more than six months. Median follow up period was 23months. They consisted of 16 men and 10 women, and the mean age was 34.3 years (range 18-68 years). We administered prednisolone 1.0mg/Kg body weight to the patients for eight weeks and tapered it gradually. Complete remission was obtained in 22 (85%) patients treated with prednisolone and 54% of them reached complete remission in four weeks after beginning prednisolone treatment. Nine patients who initially responded to prednisolone therapy relapsed. Two of these nine patients showed single relapse and seven patients had frequent relapses during the study period. Cyclophosphamide or cyclosporin A was added when the patients did not respond to prednisolone and showed frequent relapse. Of the six patients treated with cyclophosphamide, four patients who were frequent relapsors and one patient who was a non-reponder to prednisolone went into complete remission. The other prednisolone non-responder did not remit. Microscopic hematuria was found in three patients and these patients showed elevated serum creatinine level at the time of diagnosis. Seven patients showed renal impairment at the time of renal biopsy. All of them recovered from renal failure after treatment. Six patients showed complete remission of nephrotic syndrome after prednisolone and/or cyclophosphamide treatment. There was no patient who showed a deterioration of renal function during the study period. In conclusion, complete remission was obtained in 85% of adult minimal change nephrotic syndrome patients and 41% of patients relapsed within one year after attaining complete remission. The serum level of creatinine and microscopic hematuria at the time of diagnosis were not associated with poor prognosis during the study period.

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