Honeybee venom consists of melittin, apamin, phospholipase A2, hyaluronidase and other biologically active substances. It can cause potentially lethal reaction after mass envenomation. But, acute renal failure following multiple bee stings is rare and its pathogenesis is not well known. The possible causes of acute renal failure due to multiple bee stings are rhabdomyolysis, hemolysis and direct nephrotoxicity of bee venom. A 60-year-old man was the victim of a bee(Apis mellifera) attack. More than 780 bee stings were found over his face, neck and upper extremities. Gross hematuria, oliguria and generalized edema was developed within a few hours. He has fully recovered after general supportive care including hemodialysis. This case demonstrates that multiple bee stings may cause rhabdomyolysis with consequent acute renal failure.