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Neonatal Med. 2014 Feb;21(1):74-78. English. Case Report.
Kim YK , Lee JH , Jeon GW , Sin JB .
Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Vertebral, anal, cardiac, tracheo-esophageal, renal, and limb(VACTERL) association is defined as the presence of at least three of the above-mentioned six manifestations. An estimated incidence of the VACTERL association is 1 in 20,000 to 35,000 live births although the diagnostic criteria vary. The VACTERL association is highly heterogeneous in clinical presentation. It may represent a spectrum from the less severely affected to the more severely affected. Diagnosis is difficult because of the number of disorders that have overlapping features with trisomy 13 syndrome, trisomy 18 syndrome, trisomy 21 syndrome, Feingold syndrome, and so on. The incidence of trisomy 18 syndrome, a type of a chromosomal disorder, is estimated to be 1 in 6,000-8,000 live births. It includes characteristic craniofacial anomalies, clenched hand with overlapping of index finger over third, fifth finger over fourth, underdeveloped thumbs, short sternum, cardiac anomalies such as ventricular septal defect, and renal anomalies such as horseshoe kidney. Approximately over 50% of infants with trisomy 18 syndrome live less than one week. In 1983, Khoury et al. reported VACTERL association combined with trisomy 18 syndrome. Here, we report a case of a low birth weight female infant with VACTERL association, whose second diagnosis is Edward syndrome, and that she also has another combined anomaly, meningomyelocele. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of VACTERL association with meningomyelocele combined with trisomy 18 syndrome in Korea.

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