The following is the authors' case report of a 24-year-old man with solitary osteochondroma on the C1 posteior arch. The patient experienced an acute onset of cervical cord compression symptome after rotation injury. Cervical magnetic resonance imaging and cervical computed tomography reveald extensive extradural cervical spinal cord compression. As a result surgical removal of osteochondroma was performed. Osteochondroma is a rare cause of spinal pathology and neurological dysfunction. The above case of cervical osteochondroma with spinal cord compression is reported and the patholgical, clinical and radiological features are discussed with brief review of the literature.