Primary oligodendroglioma of the spinal cord is very rare tumor. On searching through the literature from 1931, we could find only about 46 cases, and this tumor is almost absent in Korea on the review of the literature. The authors present a case of 8-year-old female patient with the symptoms of paraparesis, urination difficulty, diffuse back pain and hypesthesia in both lower extremities. Spine MRI revealed the mass at the level of T3-T12, with combined nature of cystic and solid portion. Decompressive laminectomy and partial mass removal was performed, and then adjunctive radiotherapy and chemotherapy was done. The patient was improved after operation with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, so she walks alone and has no voiding difficulty at present(postoperative about 20 months) .