A case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma(MFH) arising from the pericranium which extend to the calvaria and the dura mater in a 32-year-old man is reported. This tumor presented as scalp induration and headache without any other neurologic abnormalities. Radical excision presented a surgical challenge because of the extensiveness of the lesion. In this case radical excision of pericranial and calvarial lesions were possible, however it is impossible to remove the lesion in the dura mater radically because of its extensiveness. Thus the radiation therapy was necessary after operation. Histologically, pericranial, calvarial and dura mater tumor tissues were same as that of the typical malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the soft tissue. The authors review the literatures of the MFH involving central nerve systems and discuss the management and the radiologic findings of this rare tumor.