The traumatic middle meningeal arteriovenous fistula is a rare condition complicated from head injury and usually found incidentally by carotid angiography. A few articles reported previously showed this condition if formed due to tearing of the walls of middle meningeal vessels by skull fracture and regarded as a wonderful defence mechanism keeping from a big intracranial hematoma. We have encountered 3 cases of them, all of which were accompanied by skull fracture. On of them had a big epidural hematoma and others only small amount. We show these cases in detail with the review of literatures.