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Korean J Gastroenterol. 2017 May;69(5):321-324. English. Case Report.
Lee JY , Kim TH , Chon HK .
Department of Internal Medicine, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea.

An isolated pyogenic pancreatic abscess (IPPA) without pancreatitis is extremely rare but can occur in patients with uncontrolled diabetes. This pathologic condition poses a clinical challenge in diagnosis and management because it can be confused easily with a malignancy. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) may be a useful diagnostic modality for indeterminate pancreatic lesions and IPPA. Here, we report two cases with elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels and pancreatic masses on cross sectional imaging. The patients were subsequently diagnosed with IPPA by EUS. EUS-guided drainage was performed successfully and the patients' clinical symptoms and radiologic findings improved. In our experience, EUS and EUS-guided drainage are crucial steps for the diagnosis and management of patients with an indeterminate pancreatic lesion. In addition, EUS-guided drainage has excellent technical and clinical outcomes for the treatment of IPPA.

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