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Korean J Gastroenterol. 2015 Aug;66(2):75-84. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2015.66.2.75
Na YJ , Shim KN , Joo YH , Kim SE , Jung HK , Jung SA , Cho MS .
Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. shimkn@ewha.ac.kr
Department of Pathology, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Center for Health Promotion, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Helicobacter pylori cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) has been suggested to be involved in the inactivation of Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3), a known gastric carcinoma tumor suppressor gene. It remains unclear how H. pylori CagA initiates or maintains RUNX3 promoter methylation and inactivates its protein expression in gastric carcinoma. METHODS: RUNX3 promoter methylation status, RUNX3 expression, and H. pylori CagA were investigated in 76 sample pairs of gastric carcinoma tissue. The patients' medical records were reviewed. The association between RUNX3 methylation or loss of RUNX3 expression and clinicopathologic variables according to H. pylori CagA status were investigated. RESULTS: In gastric carcinoma patients with H. pylori CagA-positive infection, RUNX3 methylation did not show association with lymphatic invasion, venous invasion, and TNM stages. However RUNX3 methylation was observed more frequently in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell carcinoma (77.8% vs. 20.0%, p=0.023) in early stage. In gastric carcinoma patients with H. pylori CagA-positive infection, loss of RUNX3 expression did not show association with lymphatic invasion, venous invasion, and TNM stages. However loss of RUNX3 expression was observed more frequently in early gastric carcinoma than in advanced gastric carcinoma (84.2% vs. 75.0%, p=0.51), but this difference was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: In gastric carcinoma patients with H. pylori CagA-positive infection, RUNX3 methylation or loss of RUNX3 expression did not show correlation with lymphovascular invasion and TNM stages. In early gastric carcinoma patients with H. pylori CagA-positive infection, RUNX3 methylation was observed more in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and signet ring cell carcinoma.

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