With the development of specialized nutrition therapy and the need for interdisciplinary approach, nutrition support teams (NSTs) were created to optimize effectiveness and safety of nutritional therapy. NSTs are interdisciplinary support teams with specialty training in nutrition that are typically comprised of physicians, dietitians, nurses, pharmacists, and others. Their role includes nutrition screening, assessment, determination of nutrition needs, recommendations for appropriate nutrition therapy, management of nutrition support therapy, and monitoring. Studies have demonstrated significant improvements in patient nutrition status and improved clinical outcomes as well as reductions in costs when patients were appropriately managed by NSTs. Organization and the role of NSTs are discussed in this review.