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Korean J Gastroenterol. 2015 Feb;65(2):118-122. Korean. Case Reports. https://doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2015.65.2.118
Jeong MY , Kim JI , Kim JY , Kim HH , Jo IH , Seo JH , Kim IK , Cheung DY .
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. jikim@catholic.ac.kr
Abstract

Emphysematous gastritis is a rare form of gastritis caused by infection of the stomach wall by gas forming bacteria. It is a very rare condition that carries a high mortality rate. Portal venous gas shadow represents elevation of intestinal luminal pressure which manifests as emphysematous gastritis or gastric emphysema. Literature reviews show that the mortality rate is especially high when portal venous gas shadow is present on CT scan. Until recently, the treatment of emphysematous gastritis has been immediate surgical intervention. However, there is a recent trend of avoiding surgery because of the frequent occurrence of post-operative complications such as anastomosis leakage. In addition, aggressive surgical treatment has failed to show significant improvement in prognosis. Recently, the authors experienced a case of emphysematous gastritis accompanied by portal venous gas which was treated successfully by conservative treatment without immediate surgical intervention. Herein, we present a case of emphysematous gastritis with concomitant portal venous air along with literature review.

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