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Korean J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jan;45(1):34-44. Korean. Original Article.
Kim HJ , Kim JS , Han DS , Yang SK , Hahm KB , Lee WI , Kwon SW , Choi JH , Kim WH , Choi KY , Song IS .
Departments of Internal Medicine, Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Korea.
Departments of Laboratory Medicine, Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Korea.
Departments of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea.
Departments of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Ajou University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. issong@snu.ac.kr
Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In chronic inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis (UC), the migration of granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages from the circulation into the colonic mucosa is especially important in maintaining inflammation. The aim of this trial was to assess safety and efficacy of granulocyte and monocyte adsorption apheresis in patients with moderate-to-severe UC refractory to conventional drug therapies. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with moderate (55.6%) to severe (44.4%) active UC refractory to conventional drug therapies who had no changes in their conventional therapy regimen in the past two weeks before the recruitment were enrolled in an open-label trial. Concomitant medications were allowed, and steroids were tapered down according to the clinical activity during the course. We used an adsorptive type extracorporeal column (Adacolumn(R); JIMRO, Takasaki, Japan), which selectively adsorb granulocytes and monocytes. Patients took five apheresis sessions, each with 60 minutes duration for 5 consecutive weeks. The primary efficacy variables were clinical disease activity, short inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (SIBDQ), C-reactive protein (CRP), and endoscopic scores. These variables were scored at regular intervals, and analyzed at week 7 on an intention-to-treat (ITT) principles. RESULTS: At 7 weeks, 70.4% of patients showed overall improvement. Clinical disease activity (p<0.0001), endoscopic score (p<0.001), and the quality of life as assessed by SIBDQ (p<0.0001) were significantly improved after the therapy. In 56.3% of concomitant steroid users, tapering down or discontinuation of steroids was possible. Treatment was well tolerated, and no severe adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Adacolumn was very efficacious in patients with moderate-to-severe active UC refractory to conventional drug therapy, but further assessment is needed.

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