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Korean J Pathol. 2009 Apr;43(2):152-156. English. In Vitro.
Park JH , Youn HJ , Yoon JS , Park CS , Oh SS , Chung WB , Chung JW , Choi YS , Lee DH , Oh YS , Chung WS , Hong SJ , Lee YS , Sim SB , Lee SH .
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. younhj@catholic.ac.kr
Department of Hospital Pathology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: In vitro experimental studies have reported that transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) stimulates the production of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) in porcine valves. However, the relation between TGF-beta1 and alpha-SMA in myxomatous valves has not been elucidated. METHODS: We classified 27 subjects into two groups: 1) myxomatous group (M:F=11:12, mean age=55+/-15 years) and 2) rheumatic group (M:F=3:1, mean age=41+/-17 years) according to preoperative echocardiographic and postoperative histologic findings. Twenty-seven valve specimens from the patients who underwent valve replacement were obtained. Tissue samples were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for TGF-beta1 and alpha-SMA. The positively stained areas were measured using an image analysis program (Image Pro-Plus 4.5), and then the TGF-beta1 volume fraction (TGF-VF) and alpha-SMA volume fraction (alpha-SMA-VF) were calculated. RESULTS: TGF-VF in myxomatous valves was higher than in rheumatic valves (2,759+/-2,294 vs 864+/-276, p=0.04). alpha-SMA-VF in myxomatous valves was higher than in rheumatic valves (4,122+/-2,275 vs 2,421+/-844, p=0.002). There was a significant correlation between TGF-beta1 and alpha-SMA in myxomatous valves (r=0.38, p=0.04). There was no significant correlation between TGF-beta1 and alpha-SMA in rheumatic valves (r=-0.50, p=0.67). CONCLUSIONS: TGF-beta1 and alpha-SMA may be related to the pathogenesis of myxomatous valves. The activation of TGF-beta1 might increase the expression of alpha-SMA in human myxomatous valves.

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