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J Korean Radiol Soc. 2008 Oct;59(4):235-239. English. Case Report.
Byun SS , Kim JH , Park CH , Jeon YS , Hwang HY , Kim HS , Kim WH .
Department of Radiology, Inha University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Radiology, Gacheon University Gil Medical Center, Korea.

We report a case of an iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula complicated by catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy in a patient with acute deep vein thrombosis of a lower extremity. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an arteriovenous fistula between the sural artery and popliteal vein in that situation. As the vessels have a close anatomical relationship, the arteriovenous fistula seems to be a potential complication after endovascular thrombolytic therapy of acute deep vein thrombosis.

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