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J Korean Radiol Soc. 2008 May;58(5):461-467. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.3348/jkrs.2008.58.5.461
Choi YH , Koh YH , Han D , Kim JH , Cha JH , Lee EH , Song CS .
Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, Korea. cyho50168@radiol.snu.ac.kr
Abstract

PURPOSE: We describe our experience with the use of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization of abdominal wall bleeding and we evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Embolization was performed in nine patients with abdominal wall bleeding. The sites of embolization were the left first lumbar (n = 1), left second lumbar (n = 1), right inferior epigastric (n = 2), left inferior epigastric (n = 3), right circumflex iliac (n = 1), and left circumflex iliac artery (n = 1). A coil was used with NBCA in one patient due to difficulty in selecting only a bleeding focus and anticipated reflux. NBCA was mixed with Lipiodol at the ratio of 1:1 to 1:4. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured before and after the embolization procedure, and the serial hemoglobin and hematocrit levels and transfusion requirements were reviewed to evaluate hemostasis and rebleeding. RESULTS: Hemostasis was obtained in six out of the nine patients and technical success was achieved in all patients. There were no procedure-related complications. Four out of the nine patients died due to rebleeding of a subarachnoid hemorrhage (n = 1), multiorgan failure (n = 1), and hepatic failure (n = 2) that occurred two to nine days after the embolization procedure. One patient had rebleeding. The five surviving patients had no rebleeding, and the patients continue to visit the clinic on an outpatient basis. CONCLUSION: NBCA embolization is a clinically safe procedure and is effective for abdominal wall bleeding.

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