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J Korean Radiol Soc. 2002 Sep;47(3):285-292. Korean. Original Article.
Kang JH , Kim SH , Lim JH , Lim HK , Lee WJ , Lee SJ , Yeon JW , Cho JM , Choi DI , Kim SK , Kim HN , Kim GC .
Department of Radiology and Gastrointestinal Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Radiology, Gachon Medical College Gil Medical Center, Korea.
Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Inha University, Korea.

PURPOSE: To determine the imaging characteristics of well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), as seen at triple-phase helical CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight well-differentiated HCCs in 29 patients who underwent surgical resection comprised our study population. Triple-phase helical CT images were obtained at 30 seconds, 70 seconds, and 3 minutes after contrast injection, and HCCs were divided into four groups according to their size: smaller than 1 cm (n=12), 1-2 cm (n=15), 2-4 cm (n=8), and larger than 4 cm (n=3), The enhancement patterns of HCCs at triple-phase helical CT were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: In the smaller than l cm group, the most common enhancement pattern at all three phases was iso-attenuation (n=8; 67%). In the 1-2 cm group, iso-attenuation (n=10; 67%) was most common during the arterial phase and slightly low attenuation during the portal and equilibrium phases while in the 2-4 cm group, high attenuation (n=6; 75%) was most common during the arterial and portal phases, and low attenuation during the equilibrium phase (n=6; 75%). Two (67%) of three cases in the larger than 4 cm group demonstrated low, including fatty, attenuation. The detection rate was 33% (4/12) in the smaller than 1 cm group, 87% (13/15) in the 1-2 cm group and 100% (11/11) in the 2-4 cm and larger than 4 cm groups. CONCLUSION: At triple-phase helical CT, the enhancement patterns of well-differentiated HCCs were diverse, and the detection rate of those larger than 1 cm was 92% (24/26).

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