PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of the transradial approach for intra-arterial chemoembolization therapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent intra-arterial chemoembolization via the radial artery approach were involved in this study. All underwent Allen's test to check ulnar arterial patency. In all cases, we used the radial approach hepatic artery (RHA) catheter designed by ourselves, evaluating the selection ability of the hepatic artery using an RHA cathter, the number of punctures, the procedure time, and compression time at the puncture site as well as complications occurring during and after the procedure. RESULTS: Except for three in which puncture failure, brachial artery variation or hepatic artery variation occurred, all procedures were successful. The mean number of punctures was 3.5, and the average duration of the whole procedure was one and half hours. This gradually decreased as the number of procedures increased. The average duration at a compression of puncture site was 12 minutes. There were no major complications. Minor complications included minimal intimal dissection of the radial artery (3.8%), reversible vasospasm of the radial artery (7.7%), hematoma at a puncture site (7.7%) and transient neurologic deficit (3.8%). CONCLUSION: The transradial approach using an RHA catheter for intra-arterial chemoembolization therapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinomas was technically feasible, with acceptable levels of safety. It may be a good alternative to absolute bed rest with a sand bag after the femoral approach.