PURPOSE: To compare the usefulness of single-slice acquisition imaging and conventional maximum intensity projection imaging, as employed in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) using the Half-Fourier Acquisition Single Shot Turbo Spin-Echo(HASTE) sequence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five healthy volunteers underwent MRCP using the HASTE sequence on a 1.5T MR unit. Two data acquisition techniques were used : 1) single slice acquisition, with 20 mm slice thickness (imaging time, 2 sec), 2) multi-slice acquisition, with 5 mm slice thickness (imaging time, 19 sec), followed by maximum intensity projection reconstruction. Two radiologists independently evaluated the MRCP images obtained using these two techniques; based on the depiction by each of ten anatomic structures, their quality was graded as excellent (3 points), good (2 points), fair(1 point) or poor(0). Mean scores were totalled, and to compare the quality of the two techniques, these scores were compared. Data was statistically analyzed using the paired student t-test. RESULTS: There was no difference in bile duct image quality between the two techniques. The pancreatic duct was more conspicuous on single-slice (mean score, 1.94) than on maximum intensity projection imaging (mean score, 0.7). The sum of the mean scores of single-slice imaging was 18.75, and that of maximum intensity projection imaging was 14.7 (p=0.42); the general difference between the two techniques was thus statistically insignificant. CONCLUSION: Compared with maximum intensity projection imaging, single-slice imaging had a distinct advantage : acquisition time was short (within 2 sec), thus motion artifacts could be avoided, and there was no need for post-processing. There is a close and direct connection between the avoidance of motion artifact and short acquisition time, but lack of need for post-processing is independent. On single-slice images, the pancreatic duct was more conspicuous than on maximum intensity projection images. The former can therefore be used with patients who experience respiratory difficulty or are suspected to be suffering from disease of the pancreotic duct.