PURPOSE: To describe the MR findings of fibrous dysplasia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: MR images of fibrousdysplasia in 13 pathologically proved cases were retrospectively analyzed regarding the signal intensity, hypointense rind, internal septations, cortical disruption, soft tissue extension, and the pattern of contrast enhancement. RESULTS: All cases showed low signal intensity on T1-weighted images. On T2-weighted images, 8cases(62%) were hyperintense and 5 cases(38%) hypointense. Hypointense rind was seen in 10 cases(77%), internal septations in 3 cases(23%), and cystic change in 2 cases(15%). Soft tissue extension was observed in fourcases(31%) including one case with pathologic fracture. After Gd-DTPA infusion, central contrast enhancement wasnoted in 8 cases(73%) and peripheral rim enhancement in 3 cases(23%). Pathologically, hypointensity on T2-weighted images was due to numerous bony trabeculae. CONCLUSION: Hypointensity on T1W1 and hyperintensity(62%) or hypointensity(38%) on T2W1 as well as contrast enhancement in fibrous dysplasia depend on degree of cellularity, collagen, cystic and hemorrhagic changes, and bony trabeculae.