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Korean J Anesthesiol. 2016 Feb;69(1):66-70. English. Case Report.
Chae YJ , Han KR , Park HB , Kim C , Nam SG .
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Kichan Pain Clinic, Suwon, Korea.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Kimchan Hospital, Suwon, Korea.

We report a case of paraplegia without neurologic deficit of upper extremities following cervical epidural catheterization using air during the loss of resistance technique. A 41-year-old woman diagnosed with complex regional pain syndrome had upper and lower extremity pain. A thoracic epidural lead was inserted for a trial spinal cord stimulation for treating lower extremity pain and cervical epidural catheterization was performed for treating upper extremity pain. Rapidly progressive paraplegia developed six hours after cervical epidural catheterization. Spine CT revealed air entrapment in multiple thoracic intervertebral foraminal spaces and surrounding epidural space without obvious spinal cord compression before the decompressive operation, which disappeared one day after the decompressive operation. Her paraplegia symptoms were normalized immediately after the operation. The presumed cause of paraplegia was transient interruption of blood supply to the spinal cord through the segmental radiculomedullary arteries feeding the spinal cord at the thoracic level of the intervertebral foramen caused by the air.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.