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Korean J Anesthesiol. 2016 Feb;69(1):37-43. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2016.69.1.37
Lee HM , Park SK , Moon YJ , Kim JW , Kim SK , Sang BH , Seo DK , Yoo BW , Hwang GS .
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Laboratory for Cardiovascular Dynamics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kshwang@amc.seoul.kr
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung, Korea.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University, Incheon, Korea.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Detailed profiles of acute hypothermia and electrocardiographic (ECG) manifestations of arrhythmogenicity were examined to analyze acute hypothermia and ventricular arrhythmogenic potential immediately after portal vein unclamping (PVU) in living-donor liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed electronically archived medical records (n = 148) of beat-to-beat ECG, arterial pressure waveforms, and blood temperature (BT) from Swan-Ganz catheters in patients undergoing living-donor LT. The ECG data analyzed were selected from the start of BT drop to the initiation of systolic hypotension after PVU. RESULTS: On reperfusion, acute hypothermia of < 34degrees C, < 33degrees C and < 32degrees C developed in 75.0%, 37.2% and 11.5% of patients, respectively. BT decreased from 35.0degrees C +/- 0.8degrees C to 33.3degrees C +/- 1.0degrees C (range 35.8degrees C-30.5degrees C). The median time to nadir of BT was 10 s after PVU. Difference in BT (DeltaBT) was weakly correlated with graft-recipient weight ratio (GRWR; r = 0.22, P = 0.008). Compared to baseline, arrhythmogenicity indices such as corrected QT (QTc), Tp-e (T wave peak to end) interval, and Tp-e/QTc ratio were prolonged (P < 0.001 each). ST height decreased and T amplitude increased (P < 0.001 each). However, no correlation was found between DeltaBT and arrhythmogenic indices. CONCLUSIONS: In living-donor LT, regardless of extent of BT drop, ventricular arrhythmogenic potential developed immediately after PVU prior to occurrence of systolic hypotension.

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