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Korean J Anesthesiol. 2010 Apr;58(4):378-382. English. Original Article.
Shin IW , Jang IS , Lee SH , Baik JS , Park KE , Sohn JT , Lee HK , Chung YK .
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea. ykchung@nongae.gsnu.ac.kr
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.
Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is well known that propofol protects myocardium against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in the rat heart model. The aim of this study was to investigate whether propofol provides a protective effect against a regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in an in vivo rat heart model after 48 h of reperfusion. METHODS: Rats were subjected to 25 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 48 h of reperfusion. The sham group received profopol without ischemic injury. The control group received normal saline with ischemia/reperfusion injury. The propofol group received profopol with ischemia/reperfusion injury. The intralipid group received intralipid with ischemia/reperfusion injury. A microcatheter was advanced into the left ventricle and the hemodynamic function was evaluated. The infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium staining. The serum level of cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) was determined by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). RESULTS: Propofol demonstrated protective effects on hemodynamic function and infarct size reduction. In the propofol group, the +dP/dt(max) (P = 0.002) was significantly improved compared to the control group. The infarct size was 49.8% of the area at risk in the control group, and was reduced markedly by administration of propofol to 32.6% in the propofol group (P = 0.014). The ischemia/reperfusion-induced serum level of cTn-I was reduced by propofol infusion during the peri-ischemic period (P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Propofol, which infused at clinically relevant concentration during the peri-ischemic period, has delayed myocardial protective effect after regional myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in an in vivo rat heart model after 48 h of reperfusion.

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